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女人怀孕后如果有这3个表现,说明营养不良,会影响胎儿发育 ...

2021-6-24 07:34| 发布者: taobaoip888| 查看: 19017| 评论: 13

摘要: 有一部分女人在怀孕后基本没有什么反应,这无疑是很幸运的。但也有一部分女人在怀孕后,孕反应会特别严重。我有一个朋友从怀孕三个月开始一直吐到七个月,可以说是非常遭罪,甚至中途因为营养不良而不得不去医院打点 ...

有一部分女人在怀孕后基本没有什么反应,这无疑是很幸运的。但也有一部分女人在怀孕后,孕反应会特别严重。我有一个朋友从怀孕三个月开始一直吐到七个月,可以说是非常遭罪,甚至中途因为营养不良而不得不去医院打点滴,最后生下的宝宝还不足5斤。其实有一半以上的女人怀孕以后会出现不同程度的孕反应,比如恶心呕吐、挑食、闻不了油烟味等。而很大一部分也会因为孕反应而表现出影响不良。

一、怀孕后有这3个症状,表示营养不良,胎儿发育会受影响。

1、怀孕以后脸色蜡黄,体重没有上升反而急速下降

2、经常头晕甚至会晕倒

3、经常发生腿抽筋等现象也可能是营养不良的表现。

二、孕期营养不良的危害

1、营养不良可能会导致宝宝智力发育迟缓。如果宝宝在胚胎期营养不良,那么其脑细胞的数量大约只有优秀儿脑细胞数量的82%,而且这时候影响不良,就算宝宝出生后营养得到改善,智力也很难恢复,如果长期的营养不良,宝宝的大脑、小脑或者脑干都会远远落后于优秀婴儿。

2、营养不良会容易导致孕妈妈出现高血压的情况。妊娠期高血压是女人妊娠期特有的疾病,发病率约7%-12%,这也是导致孕产妇死亡和未生儿死亡的非常重要的一个原因。虽然病因尚未明确,也因人而异,但我们一般认为与遗传、免疫、贫血、低蛋白血症、高脂血症、或者缺乏钙、镁、锌、硒等微量元素有关。妊娠高血压可能会引起孕妇全身各脏器的改变,若如果没有及时就诊,会引起严重的不良后果。

3、营养缺乏容易导致准妈妈孕期贫血。据统计,在城市大约有20%的准妈妈会有不同程度的贫血症状;而在比较落后的农村发病率更高,差不多会有40%以上的准妈妈患有贫血症状。主要原因是铁、叶酸或维生素B12的缺乏。准妈妈在怀孕期间贫血。不但会影响自己的身体健康,也会影响肚子里胎儿的生长发育。嗯再说时候孕期贫血不但影响母体健康,而且也影响胎儿的生长发育以及出生后的神经行为以及智力水平。

4、有些严重的情况,准妈妈营养不良的话,可能会造成胎儿畸形。比如缺乏叶酸有时候会造成准妈妈流产、死胎甚至新生儿唇裂、腭裂和神经管畸形等不良症状。

三、孕期合理增加营养,保证身体处于最佳状态。

1、准妈妈在怀孕期间一定要注意饮食的合理化和多样化。不要偏食、挑食,尽量全面的摄入营养。

2、准妈妈在孕期还要注意补充足够的蛋白质以及钙铁锌等微量元素。

2、蔬菜、水果、肉类,以及豆类和豆制品是孕期的准妈妈必须补充的食物。



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