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米饭是导致糖尿病的真凶?我们对米饭的“误解”

2021-6-23 18:36| 发布者: jijinduoduo| 查看: 22439| 评论: 5

摘要: 白米饭自古以来就是中国人民的主要主食之一,餐桌上基本上离不开白米饭。现在要是告诉大家白米饭可能会增加患糖尿病的风险,大家应该非常诧异,那么真实情况是否是如此呢?网上还流传一个观点:主食导致人们得糖尿病 ...

白米饭自古以来就是中国人民的主要主食之一,餐桌上基本上离不开白米饭。现在要是告诉大家白米饭可能会增加患糖尿病的风险,大家应该非常诧异,那么真实情况是否是如此呢?网上还流传一个观点:主食导致人们得糖尿病,所以要尽量不吃主食、戒碳水,这是对的吗?

暨南减重王存川教授表示:

有研究结果表明,白米饭消耗越多,患2型糖尿病的风险的确也越高,研究人员估计每增加一份白米饭(假设每份158克),患2型糖尿病的风险就增加10%

相比于糙米,白米包括的纤维、镁和维生素含量低,而这些营养物质有助于降低2型糖尿病风险。因此报告称,高消耗白米饭的人因为上述营养素摄入量降低,可能会导致糖尿病风险增加。但是专家表示,这不能够直接将米饭和患糖尿病的风险和主食挂上钩。

就算是换成糙米,主要成分也是碳水化合物,通俗来讲,就是在吃糖。只要吃进去的糖多了,就有餐后高血糖的可能。而白米饭,只不过消化、吸收得更快而已。简而言之,餐后血糖高不高,除了和吃的米饭种类有关系,更重要的,还是吃进去了多少。

普通人一般每顿就吃一碗米饭左右,这样的饭量其实不算多,但如果你总是用吃面的大号碗盛饭,或者一顿就配份鱼香茄子直接干掉三、四碗米饭。血糖不高都难,而且加上饮食结构中高油高盐食物、油炸食物的比例增加,这些都会增加糖尿病的发病风险。

我们本身日常活动会消耗能量,碳水就是能量的主要来源,若是零碳水的话不仅会造成体力不支,还会引发各种健康问题;二是身体健康的朋友拥有很强大的调节能力,适量吃米饭并不会影响身体健康,反之才有危害。因此大家要公平对待大米饭,世界上任何一种食物,我们都要把控好摄入量。

所以除了白米饭外,其实糖尿病的致病因很复杂,不单是饮食,还包括了遗传因素、环境因素、生活习惯、运动量缺乏等等因素有关。并不能说「吃白米饭就一定会得糖尿病,不吃白米饭就一定不会得糖尿病」


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